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Voices for Creative Non-Violence UK et al., Fly Kites Not Drones: We all live under the same blue sky

Voices for Creative Non-Violence UK, Drone Campaign Network, Pax Christi UK and Quaker Peace & Social Witness, 2015. Downloadable for free from
www.tinyurl.com/peacenews1806. Hard copies can be ordered via www.tinyurl.com/peacenews1807.

ImageThis educational resource for teachers, and others working with young people, was inspired by the Afghan Peace Volunteers’ ‘‘Fly Kites Not Drones’’ campaign. The latter, which encourages peace groups all over the world to fly kites at Nowruz, the Afghan New Year, in solidarity with the people of Afghanistan whose lives have been blighted by 30 years of war.

Kite-flying, we learn, is a favourite pastime among young Afghans. Unfortunately the best conditions for flying kites, a clear sky and light wind, are also the best for flying armed drones.

The pack consists of plans and materials for two school assemblies and five workshops, suitable for a variety of age ranges. I found reading through the materials on the website both enjoyable and informative.

The first assembly starts with the sound track of a drone flying over Gaza, complete with insistent birdsong, reminiscent of the well-known BBC recording of nightingales and bombers from 1942. Another excellent resource is the animated video, ‘What is an armed drone?’, intended for the older age groups, which includes chilling representations of a ‘killbox’ and a ‘drone shadow’.

The first workshop, for ages 8–11, uses games, a miming activity and a sorting activity, to explain that all children have rights, the right to play, to education and to have enough to eat. The kite becomes a symbol of play and the drone a symbol of the terrible conflict that prevents the children of Afghanistan from attaining their rights. The workshop ends with a role-playing game, where the children take it in turns to be a drone operator, taking moral decisions influenced by one who plays the ‘conscience’. Two workshops for the older age groups introduce some of the concepts from international and humanitarian law that are currently being stretched by the use of armed drones. Both workshops question the legality of using armed drones in conflict and non-conflict situations.

There are also opportunities to have a debate (Workshop 4) and to investigate the legality of drone strikes, with valuable suggestions for further research (Workshop 5).

Toy drones are now widely available as well as kites, which means that some UK children will already have their own background experience to contribute.

Beyond the first workshop, on human rights, the materials tend to focus on either kites or drones. My colleague tells me that the response from primary school children is: ‘When can we fly the kites?’

For the older groups, the workshops focus more on the ethics of using drones but could easily be extended further into either the technology behind drones or the ethics around using robots more generally.

I was inspired to think up more activities myself, perhaps using objects from real life such as RAF recruitment materials or a catalogue from an arms company. Other topics that could be incorporated include the design of kites, methods of campaigning, the meaning and purpose of expressing solidarity. Finally, it’s probably worth noting that while as a peace activist I support the campaign, as a teacher, I would recognise that the pack is biased against the use of armed drones, and would expect students to challenge its central argument.